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Playground Safety Surfacing

As you begin the process of choosing the perfect commercial playset and accessories for your daycare, school, church, or apartment complex, one of the important choices you’ll need to make is which type of playground safety surfacing to put under it. But don’t worry – we’ve made surfacing easy too! Just let us know which type you’re interested in and we’ll provide you with a custom quote. If you have any questions along the way, don’t hesitate to give us a call at (888) 342-8228.

Proper safety surfacing greatly reduces the risk of injury while giving your playground a cohesive aesthetic appeal. Playground equipment should never be installed over hard surfaces such as concrete, asphalt, compacted ground, or grass, since these surfaces offer little to no impact absorption. Only products tested to ASTM F1292 standards are appropriate playground surfacing materials.

Rubber Playground Mulch

Types of Playground Surfacing

Playground Outfitters offers several types of safety surfacing to fit a variety of applications and budgets. We also offer borders and access ramps to keep loose-fill material in place and allow ADA compliant access.

Wood Playground Mulch

Wood Fiber Mulch

Wood mulch is the most popular option for commercial playground surfacing since it is also the most economical. The wood fibers offer a nice, natural look, but wood mulch does require more maintenance than other types of surfacing due to compaction and decomposition. Maintaining proper depth* of any loose fill surface is important for safety and accessibility compliance.

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Rubber Playground Mulch

Rubber Mulch / Recycled Rubber

Like wood mulch, rubber mulch is a commonly used loose fill playground surfacing material. Our rubber mulch is made from 100% recycled rubber tires and provides a soft surface that keeps children safe during play time. Rubber mulch is often preferred over its wood counterpart due to its superior drainage and dust minimizing qualities. It is also lower maintenance than wood mulch because it does not compress or decompose over time, so it requires less frequent top-offs.

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Recycled Bonded Rubber

Recycled Bonded Rubber

Consisting of clean recycled shredded rubber that is coated and mixed with a polyurethane binder, recycled bonded rubber is known for its value and durability. It’s is a great option for highly accessible paths and external walkways and can be poured at different depths to account for various fall heights. With little maintenance required, this is a great option for today’s playgrounds.

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Synthetic Turf

Synthetic Turf or Artificial Grass

Synthetic grass is quickly becoming a popular choice for playground surfacing because it is easy to maintain and cost effective. Conventionally, it provides the look of real grass, but does not require mowing or additional maintenance. Today’s synthetic turf is not the turf of the 80’s and 90’s: with blended, high quality fibers, manufacturer’s are able to mimic the natural look and feel of grass in a way that is unlike anything available in the past, and at a more affordable price.

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Poured in Place Rubber Playground Surfacing

Poured in Place Rubber Surfacing

If you’re looking for a truly zero maintenance surfacing option, poured in place rubber is the way to go. It’s a great choice for public and private schools, parks, and daycare centers. Our poured in place rubber safety surface can be customized to the colors, designs and shapes of your choice. New options even include glow-in-the-dark poured in place surfacing, for a fun new twist. Poured in place surfacing is easy to clean and is the most ADA friendly surface, ensuring playground accessibility to everyone.

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Playground Borders and Access Ramp

Borders and Access Ramps

Safety borders keep loose-fill surfacing in and maintain your surfacing through weather and traffic. Timbers are available in classic black, bendable rubber, or wood if you prefer a more natural look. Borders must be secured into the ground as well. In most cases, galvanized steel spikes are nailed to the ground to keep the borders in place and secure two border pieces together. Some borders include spikes, while others need to be ordered separately. Access ramps allow strollers and wheelchairs to easily enter and exit the play area, and are crucial to ADA compliance.

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Safety Surfacing Quote

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How much does safety surfacing cost?

That’s a great question! We often hear the question “how much does playground surfacing cost?”, and the simple answer is: there is no simple answer! This is because the cost of surfacing can vary widely from project to project and depends on several factors including (but not limited to):

  • Type of Surfacing
  • Size of Playground Structure and Measurements
  • ADA Accessibility Requirements
  • Critical Fall Height
  • Type of Subfloor

Because every new playground situation is unique, we will provide you with a custom quote depending on the type of surfacing you choose and the total square footage of the area to be covered. If you have questions about playground surfacing, give Playground Outfitters a call at (888) 342-8228. We’d be happy to discuss your options. You can also complete the form on this page to request a custom quote.

*Each different product requires a specific depth based on the fall height of the equipment. These depths can be found in the Consumer Product Safety Commission’s (CPSC) Public Playground Safety Handbook Publication 325.


How do I measure for playground safety surfacing?

As you are measuring for your playset or playground, keep in mind that there are specific safety compliance standards you must adhere to in a commercial setting. According to ASTM and CPSC standards (specifically ASTM F1292 and ASTMF2075, which are the standards for cushioning fall and use zone barriers), you need to allow for a proper use zone around your equipment to protect children who are playing on it. It states that there must be at least 6 feet of a safety barrier on all sides, extending from the furthest point out, to allow for a fall barrier for children.

Additionally, if the play area will have any type of swings, you’ll need to take the height of the swing post, then double it. So for example, if you have an 8 foot high swing post, you need to allow 16 feet from that post to extend out in safety surfacing to protect from a child that may try and jump or accidentally fall from that swing.

While adhering to all of these standards may seem confusing at first, remember that our CPSI certified Playground Outfitters representatives are here to help you through these and make sure that your new playground complies with these standards to the highest degree.

Once you have a basic measurement for surfacing, you can get a better idea of what you costs may be as your project progresses.

How much should I budget based on my playground structure?

As a general rule of thumb, safety surfacing will cost about 50% of the cost of your commercial playground project. That is to say, you can expect about 50% of your project budget will go to surfacing and labor for surfacing, and the rest will go to the playground itself and labor to build/install that playground. For example, if you had $50,000 to spend on your new commercial playground project, we would recommend that you reserve $25,000 of that for surfacing. That may seem high (especially for a cost they may not have even considered), but it is important to remember that safety surfacing will protect children in case of a fall, and will also ensure your project abides by standards that are set by ASTM and ADA.

What is Critical Fall Height and Why Does it Matter?

Critical fall height is a measurement described as the “vertical distance between a designated play surface and the protective surfacing beneath it” (1). This height determines the thickness or impact attenuation a play surface must have as defined in ASTM F-1292. Essentially, the higher the fall height, the thicker the surfacing will need to be in order to absorb the fall and provide adequate cushioning. Additional thickness of surfacing material will need to be factored into the total cost of the project, and you’ll need to budget accordingly. Not to worry though; a Playground Outfitters representative will be happy to discuss any questions you may have about safety standards to ensure your play area meets the necessary requirements.

What can’t be used for playground surfacing?

There are some surfaces that you’ll want to avoid using. These include pea gravel, grass, sand, asphalt, and concrete, as they are not considered approved play surfaces, and most are prohibited by ASTM and CPSC standards. Each have their reasons for not being approved; for example, sand makes it so that your playground is not accessible to anyone in a wheelchair, therefore possibly violating ADA guidelines and standards. Concrete is too hard of a surface and will not cushion a fall properly. In order to comply with safety standards and provide the best possible play experience for your guests, we recommend choosing one of the previously mentioned ASTM approved surfacing options

Additional Surfacing Considerations

ADA Ramps & Playground Borders, Boundaries, Additional Materials, etc.

When constructing a commercial playground in the United States, it is important to comply with ADA standards. This is also true when it comes to providing the surface that the commercial playground structure sits on. But don’t worry, there are many affordable solutions that allow for this. What you actually need to provide depends on the specific surfacing that you choose.

ASTM F1951, which was dictated by the ADA, states that every new playground surface must be firm and stable enough to support a standard wheelchair for accessibility. This includes allowing proper access to the playground structure via a wheelchair. For example, if you intend to use rubber or wood mulch, you will need to factor in an ADA ramp. Many solutions work with specific playground borders to create a nice and clean finish when installation is complete.

If wood or rubber mulch is your surfacing of choice, you’ll also need landscape fabric to kill of any existing plant material and prevent it from coming through the newly installed mulch. However, landscape fabric is typically not a permanent solution. An application of an herbicide or manual picking of weeds will likely be required on an ongoing basis to keep the area clean and free from weeds and plant matter.

References:

1. ASTM International Standard F1292, “Standard Specification for Impact Attenuation of Surfacing Materials Within the Use Zone of Playground Equipment,” 3.1.3, p. 2.

Need Help? Call (888) 342-8228 to speak with a playground specialist.

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